Cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa, Spain (1998-2002), and time trends from 1986
LARRAÑAGA N, SARASQUETA C, MICHELENA MJ
Gaceta Sanitaria 2008;22(3): 188-196
Resumen del Autor:
Objectives: To determine the cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa (Spain) from 1998 to 2002 and describe time trends since 1986. Methods: The annual incidence of cancer in Gipuzkoa from 1998 to 2002 was estimated as a rate per 100,000 inhabitants. Incidence trends for the period 1986-2002 were studied for all cancers and for the main cancer sites using Poisson regression and Joinpoint regression for prostate tumours. Results: On average, one in 3 men and one in 5 women would probably be diagnosed with cancer at some time during their life (0-74 years). Among men, prostate surpassed lung as the most frequent cancer site. Among women, breast cancer represented approximately 30% of all cases of cancer (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers). There was an annual increase in the incidence of cancer of 1.5% (95% CI, 1.1-1.8) in men and 0.9% (95% CI, 0.5-1.3) in women. The incidence of prostate cancer in men increased over the study period, and especially between 1996 and 1999, with an annual increase
of 34.7% (95% CI, 5.9-71.5). The incidence of lung cancer in women presented an annual increase of 5.2% (95% CI, 3.4-7.1). In contrast, the incidence of stomach cancer decreased during the study period. Conclusions: Cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa increased during the study period. This increase was particularly marked in lung cancer and skin melanoma, for which preventive strategies are fundamental.
* RECUERDE. Al pulsar el enlace “Texto completo”, usted abandonará el entorno MEDES. En ese caso, la web a la que desea acceder no es propiedad de Fundación Lilly y, por tanto, ésta no se responsabiliza de los contenidos, informaciones o servicios presentes en ella, ni de la política de privacidad que aplique el sitio web de un tercero.