Therapeutic drug monitoring and the inhibitory quotient of antiretroviral drugs: can they be applied to the current situation?
CASADO JL, LÓPEZ-CORTÉS LF, RIBERA E, MALLOLAS J, SORIANO V
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica 2005;23(Supl.2): 55-67
Resumen del Autor:
Therapeutic drug monitoring is attracting growing interest as a means of increasing the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy and of decreasing its toxicity, although data supporting this strategy are still scarce. Currently, nucleoside analog reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NARTI) are not candidates because their effect depends on their active intracellular form and not on plasma concentration. Protease inhibitors (PI) and non-nucleoside analogue reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNARTI) meet the criteria for therapeutic drug monitoring. The main limitations are that the parameters to be monitored in order to measure exposure to the drug and the effective concentration of the drug have not been well defined. The few studies performed in treatment-naive patients have demonstrated that monitoring improves therapeutic efficacy. This strategy will be particularly useful when the risk of subtherapeutic or toxic concentrations is especially high (pharmacokinetic interactions,
intestinal malabsorption, adverse effects, virological failure without obvious cause, pregnancy, children). Although it remains to be standardized, the inhibitory quotient integrates pharmacological and virological parameters and is useful in patients with prior virological failure. Any therapeutic drug monitoring program should be accompanied by measures to monitor and improve treatment adherence. There are good reasons to believe that therapeutic drug monitoring can be useful to improve treatment in specific circumstances. However, before its widespread use as a routine method can be recommended, the parameters to be used should be standardized and studies with appropriate methodology should be performed to define the role of therapeutic drug monitoring in distinct clinical situations.
* RECUERDE. Al pulsar el enlace “Texto completo”, usted abandonará el entorno MEDES. En ese caso, la web a la que desea acceder no es propiedad de Fundación Lilly y, por tanto, ésta no se responsabiliza de los contenidos, informaciones o servicios presentes en ella, ni de la política de privacidad que aplique el sitio web de un tercero.