Perfil de morbilidad en adolescentes chilenos con síndrome de Down
CARDENAS A, PAUL MA, CORREA C, VALDERRAMA S, CERDA J, LIZAMA M
Revista Médica de Chile 2016;144(8): 998-1005
Resumen del Autor:
Background: There is a paucity of information about morbidity and mortality of adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). Aim: To describe morbidity and mortality of a cohort of Chilean adolescents with DS. Material and Methods: Review of electronic clinical records of 67 ambulatory patients with DS aged 10 to 20 years (37 women), seen between the years 2007 and 2014 in outpatient clinics of a University hospital. Results: The mean age at the last consultation was 13 ± 3 years. Ninety-eight percent of patients had a chronic condition: 37.1% where overweight or obese, 58.2% had a congenital heart disease, 11.9% where being evaluated or had the diagnosis of autism and 44.8% had hypothyroidism. Pubertal development was consistent with chronologic age in 93.7% of patients. In three patients puberty had been suppressed. In women, average age of menarche was 12.2 ± 1.1 years. There were no deaths reported. Conclusions: There was a high rate of comorbidities in this group of adolescents with DS, most of them with frequencies comparable to those reported in literature.
Adolescentes, Chile, Comorbilidad, Estudios observacionales, Estudios retrospectivos, Estudios transversales, Medicina interna, Morbilidad, Síndrome de Down
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