Influencia de las conductas promotoras de salud de los padres en la de sus hijos adolescentes
GAETE J, ROJAS-BARAHONA CA, OLIVARES E, CHEN MY
Revista Médica de Chile 2016;144(7): 870-878
Resumen del Autor:
Background: Family behavior models may influence health promoting conducts among adolescents. Aim: To determine the association between health promoting behaviors among parents and healthy behaviors of early adolescents. Material and Methods: Analysis of the baseline assessment of a longitudinal study of early adolescents in the city of San Felipe, Region of Valparaiso, Chile. Parents and their teenage children, attending 5th to 7th grade, from ten municipal schools, participated in this study. Self-reported questionnaires were used to assess healthy lifestyles, answered separately by parents and their children. Univariable and multivariable ordinal logistic regression analyses with complete data were carried out, using the students’ health promoting behaviors as dependent variables and the same behaviors among parents as the main predictors, controlling for other personal and family variables. Results: We contacted 1,035 parents and 682 consented to participate along with 560 students. The mean age of adolescents was 11.5 ± 1.2 years (49% females) The mean age of parents was 39.8 ± 8.8 years and 90% were women. The parental behaviors associated with teenage health promoting behaviors were eating vegetables (odds ratio (OR) = 1.22, p < 0.05), having breakfast (OR = 1.27, p < 0.05), do stretching exercises every day (OR = 1.19, p < 0.05) and take some time for relaxation (OR = 1.24, p < 0.05). Conclusions: These results show an association between healthy behaviors among parents and these behaviors among their adolescent offspring.
Adolescentes, Chile, Estilo de vida, Hábitos de vida saludables, Medicina interna, Padres, Promoción de la salud, Relaciones padres-hijo
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